Sardis was conquered by Cyrus the Great and formed the end station for the Persian Royal Road which began in Persepolis. It remained under Persian domination until it surrendered to Alexander the Great in 334 BC. During the Ionian Revolt, the Athenians burnt down the city. Sardes was captured by Antiochus III the Great at the end of the 3rd century BC. It was during the reign of King Croesus that the metallurgists of Sardis discovered the secret of separating gold from silver, thereby producing both metals of a purity never known before. Minting of coinage of naturally occurring alloys of gold and silver known as electrum. Sardis could mint nearly pure silver and gold coins, the value of which could be—and was—trusted throughout the known world. After Constantinople became the capital of the East, a new road system grew up connecting the provinces with the capital. When Constantinople was taken by the Venetians and Franks in 1204 Sardis came under the rule of the Byzantine Empire of Nicea. The city continued its decline until its capture by the Mongol warlord Timur in 1402.

Antiochus II Hover to enlarge Antiochus II

Antiochus II
Mint: Sardes
AE 17
261 to 246 BC
Obvs: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Revs: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Tripod-lebes. Anchor below, ΔI right. Σ left
16x17mm, 4.67g
Order # G 248
Ref: SC vol.1 522.2

Seleucus II Hover to enlarge Seleucus II

Seleucus II
Mint: Sardes
246 to 226 BC
Obvs: Helmeted bust of Athena right.
Revs: BAΣIΛIEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Apollo Delphios standing right, holding arrow, leaning on tripod. Monograms to outer left and outer right
AE 17x18mm, 4.71g
Order # G 270
Ref: SC vol.1 660.2c

Achaios Hover to enlarge Achaios

Mint: Sardes
220 to 214 BC
Obvs: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Revs: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AXAIOY, Eagle standing right, palm branch over shoulder. M right.
AE 17x19mm, 6.00g
Order # G 272
Ref: v. SC 1 955.2
Note: Unpublished with missing control in outer left.

Antiochus I Hover to enlarge Antiochus I

Antiochus I
Denomination B
Mint: Smyrna or Sardes
280 to 261 BC
Obvs: Facing bust of Athena in triple crested helmet, dotted border.
Revs: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Nike advancing left holding wreath and palm. Countermark 26 caduceus to right.
17x19mm, 4.64g
Order # G 295
Ref: SC 314 var; HGC 10, 145(R1)