Seleucia Pieria

Seleucia Pieria was founded in 300 BC by Seleucus I Nicator, one of the successors of Alexander the Great and the founder of the Seleucid Empire. Seleucia was of great importance in the struggle between the Seleucids and the Ptolemies; it was captured by Ptolemy Euergetes in 246 BCE. As the Ptolemies and Seleucids fought over the city, it changed hands several times until 219 BCE, when the Seleucid Antiochus III the Great recaptured it during the Fourth Syrian War (219-217 BCE). Then it obtained its freedom and kept it even to the end of the Roman occupation. When the Seleucid Empire was subdued by Tigranes II, Seleucia Pieria resisted. Roman general Pompey the Great restored the Seleucids to power by giving the city to Antiochus I Theos of Commagene, a direct descendant of Seleucus I Nicator and a loyal ally of Rome. Under light Commagene rule, Seleucia enjoyed substantial autonomy. Seleucia's importance grew significantly over time, necessitating the enlargement of its harbours several times under Diocletian and Constantius. These harbours, called the "inner" and "outer" harbours, served from time to time the Roman navy. During Byzantine times the city went into a steady decline. The silting up of the city's harbours hastened this process. In the fifth century CE the fight to keep them open was finally given up. It suffered severely in the devastating 526 Antioch earthquake.

Seleukis/Pieria Hover to enlarge Seleukis/Pieria

Seleukis/Pieria under Roman rule
AE 20
Year 44, 13/14 AD
Obvs: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Revs: EΠIΣIΛANOY † ANTIOXEΩN, Ram running r. looking back. Star above, ΔM in ex.
20mm, 7.37g.
$145.00
Order # G 026
Ref: BMC 20.159.65, McAlee 99, RPC 4269

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Elagalbalus Hover to enlarge Elegabalus

Antoninus
Emisa, Seleucis/Pieria
218 to 222 AD
AE 18
Obvs: AVT. K M AVP, Elagabalus laur. right.
Revs: Eagle. E in field to right
18mm, 5.6g
$6.00
Order # RI 117
v. BMC 20.240.18, v. Lindgren 2046

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